General description: Handmade Bulgarian man and woman
Dimensions Man: 26 x 9 x 8 cm; woman: 24 x 9 x 7 cm
Date when acquired 2000s
Original Date Unknown
Source Flea market Bochum area; present from Fritz W.
The label gives the name of the seaside town Bourgas in Bulgaria.
The heads, bodies and legs are made of wood, while the arms are formed from wire. Both are fixed to wooden bases, the man’s (1 x 7.5 x 5.5 cm) being better carved and more stable than that of the woman’s (0.4 x 6.5 x 5 cm). He has a fringe of what looks like real brown hair poking out from under his hat. Her long black hair is made of wool and is drawn back from a central parting to a single plait falling down to below her hips.
The man is wearing a high-collared white cotton shirt with long and wide sleeves. Two diamond-shaped red patches are applied to the chest region. Brown braid is sewn around the cuffs. On top of this is a reddish-brown woollen waistcoat trimmed with black braid (zig-zag around the arm holes; a wide band around the neck and a thin band around the hem, with two strips of thin black braid going down the front of the waistcoat) and four felt buttons on the chest. He is wearing dark blue narrow trousers with black zig-zag braid sewn on the front of the thighs. A red sash is worn around his waist (pojas). The bottom of the trousers are tucked into white thick linen leg wraps (navoi). He is wearing light brown soft leather shoes with pointed toes. On his head is a typical Bulgarian fur cap (kalpak) decorated with two woollen pompoms (one yellow, one green) sewn together on the left side.
The woman is wearing a closed tunic costume (sukmanena) with a white cotton V-necked blouse (riza) with long wide sleeves. The cuffs are decorated with white lace. Over this she is wearing a long black sleeveless dress (soukman) with a deep V-neckline. The dress has a geometrical design painted on it in white and ochre. Thin strips of stiffened red material are used to outline the neckline at the front and to form part of the pattern. It has been overpainted with the ochre colour. On the skirt, crosses have been formed from the red material, one at the front and two at the back. Also a thin strip runs down each side of the dress. The hem of the dress has a 3-cm border made of the same red material painted decorated with a painted geometrical design in white, ochre and black. Around her waist is a belt of the same material decorated with a gold ornament at the front. She has a white petticoat under her dress. Her shoes are similar to those of the man but the toes are more pointed. In her hair, the woman is wearing a headdress made of four roses and leaves made of material.
The woman is carrying a pitcher carved from wood under her right arm.
Bourgas (Burgas), is the fourth-largest city on the Bulgarian Black Sea Coast.
The man is not in the standard white (belodreshna) or black (chernodreshnik) Bulgarian costume though he seems to be wearing a blue version of the narrow long trousers (benevretsi) of the traditional Bulgarian white costume. He is not wearing a jacket, so maybe he is in his summer dress. The young woman is also not wearing a coat and has roses in her hair (many pictures of Bulgarian women show them with flower headdresses), again indicating a summery season. Possibly they are a young courting couple.
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